Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draughtsman and printmaker, most famous for his sculptures. As a Surrealist in the 1930s, he devised innovative sculptural forms, sometimes reminiscent of toys and games. As an Existentialist after the war, he led the way in creating a style that summed up the philosophy's interests in perception, alienation and anxiety. He is best remembered for his figurative work, which helped make the motif of the suffering human figure a popular symbol of post-war trauma. Giacometti was imagined through his hands, rough and calloused, living trophies that developped by molding his sculptures.
Works: Gazing Head, Suspended Ball, City Square.
Periods: Surrealism, Expressionism, Modern art.